Is the U.S. Economy Protected From the Euro Crisis?

Confidence is increasing that the United States could sustain the worst from Europe.

The European Union won the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday.

The European Union won the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday.


Earlier this week, German Chancellor Angela Merkel announced that Europe has made dramatic progress in dealing with the continent's financial crisis. Her comments were meant to build investor confidence and revive hopes that the European Union would act to save Spain, Italy, and Greece, three countries on the brink of financial ruin.

But in recent months, the chancellor's comments, as well as statements from other high-ranking officials in Europe, have done little to quell doubt over how the crisis will be resolved. Europe's problems have been evident for nearly three years, yet no definitive action has satisfied investors that the European Union can be saved.

[See How to Protect Your Investments From the Euro Crisis.] 

For years, analysts have cautioned that a turn for the worst in Europe would mean bad news for the United States. They warned that the dissolution of the European Union as it is currently constructed has the potential to send the United States into a double-dip recession.

Along with political uncertainty in Washington, Europe has served as the economic boogeyman that keeps U.S. investors on edge. However, according to experts, the doomsday scenario in Europe might not have the knockout potential here that many people think.

"I think Europe is more concerned about what happens to the U.S. economy than we are about the European situation," says Ernest Dawal, chief investment officer of wealth and investment management for SunTrust Banks. "We don't think [the ongoing European crisis is] going to have a material impact" on the U.S. economy.

[See Is the U.S. Economy Doing Better Than We Think?

Understanding the crisis. Overspending and government deception are at the heart of the European crisis. For years, some European countries were disingenuous about the amount of debt they had, as well as their ability to pay this debt back. They also overspent on maintenance of large bureaucracies and made bad bets on construction and other industries. At the same time, they flaunted EU budget requirements. 

These countries were able to appear healthy because of the strength of the euro. Northern European economies, most notably Germany, were able to keep the currency strong with consistently positive economic output.

It took the 2008 financial crisis to reveal the extent of Europe's problems. As the world economy slowed, it became apparent that Greece and other European countries had unsustainable levels of debt and would need bailouts. Since then, European leaders have taken a number of stopgap measures to reassure markets that the euro zone would survive, but none worked. Wall Street is still not convinced that the euro can survive. 

The European crisis has the potential to affect the U.S. economy in a number of ways. Manufacturing companies that export goods to Europe have seen orders decrease. U.S. banks also have exposure to European debt, and could face a crisis similar to the downfall of Lehman Brothers if a European country goes bankrupt.

There are also concerns about how a disaster in Europe would affect American consumer confidence, says Andrew Tignanelli, president of The Financial Consulate, an investment advisory firm in Baltimore.

"You can't in today's world dissect the major economies of the world and say if one does really poorly, it's not going to matter to me," he says. "If the European Union were to have a catastrophe, there's no way that it's not going have a dramatic impact on the United States."

[See How Understanding Economic Indicators Can Help Investors.]

Insulated from the worst? Dawal says a bad turn in Europe would cause a short-term hit to the American economy. But he adds that he believes the U.S. economy is resilient in the long term and would be able to rebound from a European shock. 

Dawal says two factors give him confidence: Banks are healthy and many U.S. manufacturers have shifted their focus on domestic markets. "U.S. banks are better capitalized than their peers in Europe are. The latest stress tests had some pretty significant circumstance build into them, and our banks help up relatively well," he says.

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