Snapshot: Ophthalmologists (physicians who specialize in the eye) hire orthoptists to measure patients' vision and perform diagnostic tests to evaluate disorders such as strabismus (cross-eye) and amblyopia (lazy eye.) The orthoptist then helps the ophthalmologist develop a treatment plan, which may include eye exercises, drugs, or surgery. The orthoptist typically teaches the exercises to the patients, who usually are kids. The position requires the ability to relate to children, including those with disabilities beyond the ocular.
Getting there: Two years of postbachelor's training are required.
Learn more: American Association of Certified Orthoptists