By encouraging collaboration, managers can create a work environment that helps a quiet co-worker come out of his or her shell, at least professionally. "Make certain that [he or she has] the kind of assignments that would be longer term where they could actually develop some sense of comfort and closeness with the group they're working with," Heathfield says.
As a peer, go out of your way to include the individual during meetings or group discussions. Socially, you can break the ice by inviting him or her out for lunch or for a doughnut in the break room.
The foul-mouthed. Launching a string of profanities or raunchy jokes, your co-worker's words not only leave an awkward air, but also a feeling of discomfort.
Such course talk could have legal ramifications, Heathfield notes. She suggests letting your manager handle the situation because inappropriate jokes can be deemed harassment. "Most companies don't want a lawsuit," she adds.