To say Americans are feeling lousy about their retirement prospects is a huge understatement. They're feeling downright hopeless. Only 13 percent of adults over 25 are certain they'll be able to live comfortably in their later years, according to a recent survey by the Employee Benefit Research Institute. That's the lowest level of confidence reported since the annual survey began in 1993. And who can blame these dejected retirement savers? The majority of would-be retirees have watched their nest eggs crumble in the market's undoing, and few have the cushion of a traditional pension. Even if stocks return to their prerecession highs in the near future—and that's a big if—traditional retirement will still be tough. That's because would-be retirees are also facing the threats of rising inflation, ballooning healthcare costs, the possibility of outliving their money, and the prospect of another big market drop. Here are some ways to prepare for these challenges:
Insure against outliving your money. Once Americans make it to age 65, men can expect to live an additional 17 years and women can expect to live 20 more years. Advances in healthcare could stretch that timeline. Traditional pension plans, Social Security, and annuities all offer protection against the threat of outliving your assets because the payouts last as long as you live. Social Security recipients even have annual cost-of-living increases, which are tied to the consumer price index. Social Security payouts also rise by approximately 7 to 8 percent for each year you delay claiming between ages 62 and 70. That's enough of an incentive for Bill Russell, 62, to delay claiming until he's 66—his full retirement age—to get a higher benefit amount for himself and his wife. "If I should die between now and when I start drawing, I want to maximize my wife's Social Security benefit," says Russell, who lives in Branson, Mo. Spouses are eligible for 50 percent of the higher earner's due if that's more than the amount that can be claimed based on their working record. If either spouse claims Social Security before full retirement age, the checks are smaller. Working longer is the quickest way to pad a retirement account and decrease the number of years over which your savings must be spread. About 72 percent of Americans expect to work after they officially retire, according to the Employee Benefit Research Institute, up from 63 percent in 2008. "Retiring early is just not reasonable for the vast majority of people at 55," says Joshua Itzoe, a certified financial planner, principal at Greenspring Wealth Management, and the author of Fixing the 401(k). "If you work 35 years—and let's assume you live to be 95—you are in retirement longer than you were in the workforce, and that's not feasible."
Fight inflation. Some experts say inflation could diminish your purchasing power even more in the future than it does today, largely because of America's ever increasing national debt. One way to guard your portfolio against inflation is by mixing in more asset classes—especially those that don't move in step with the overall market. "Stocks, commodities, and real estate exposure all hedge against inflation really well," says Frank Armstrong, founder of Investor Solutions and coauthor of Save Your Retirement: What to Do If You Haven't Saved Enough or If Your Investments Were Devastated by the Market Meltdown. But some planners think stocks—even when used as an inflation-fighter—are just too risky. Instead, they point to treasury inflation-protected securities, which are government bonds that guarantee a rate of return above inflation. The downside is that investors trade the prospect of high returns for that safety. "I think it makes sense to hold a substantial portion of your portfolio in TIPS," says Olivia Mitchell, director of the Boettner Center for Pensions and Retirement Research at the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School. "You might not make a lot of money, but you won't lose any money."