7 Tips for Baby Boomers Turning 65 in 2011

Workers must make important retirement decisions upon reaching age 65.

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The oldest baby boomers have begun to turn 65 this year. High on their agenda should be signing up for Medicare. Boomers also have important Social Security and career choices to make. Here are seven tips for making retirement decisions at age 65:

[See what will happen when The Baby Boomers Turn 65.]

Sign up for Medicare on time. You can first sign up for Medicare during a seven-month window beginning three months before the month you turn 65. Sign up during the months leading up to your 65th birthday if you want your coverage to begin the month you turn 65. (If your birthday is on the first day of the month, your coverage can start as early as the first day of the prior month.) If you don't sign up for Medicare Part B during this initial enrollment period, your premiums may increase by 10 percent for each 12-month period that you delay enrollment. If you are still working and covered by a group health insurance plan at work, sign up within eight months of leaving the insurance plan to avoid the penalty.

Schedule your free physical. Beginning this year, Medicare provides a one-time free physical exam within the first 12 months you have Part B coverage by a doctor who agrees to be paid directly by Medicare. The visit may include a review of your health, vision and blood pressure screenings, education and counseling about preventive care services covered by Medicare, and referrals for treatment you may need. Other preventative services you may be able to get at no out-of-pocket cost include cardiovascular and breast cancer screenings, bone mass measurements, and flu shots.

Delay Social Security until next year. While Medicare eligibility for 1946-born baby boomers begins this year, they still will not qualify for the full amount of Social Security benefits they are entitled to. Boomers will have to wait another year, until age 66, if they do not want their entitlement checks to be reduced. Retirees who claim Social Security this year when they turn age 65 will get about 93.3 percent of their full monthly benefit, because they will be getting payments for an additional 12 months. Social Security payouts further increase for each year boomers delay claiming up until age 70.

[See 10 Ways Baby Boomers Will Reinvent Retirement.]

Develop a retirement spending strategy. Before you plunge into retirement, develop a plan for how you will spend down your assets. Recognize that you will need to pay income tax on withdrawals from traditional 401(k)s and IRAs and withdrawals from those accounts become required after age 70½. Retirees who don't withdraw the correct amount will face a 50 percent tax penalty on the required withdrawal amount. Also, consider adding some inflation-fighting investments to your portfolio, such as Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities (TIPS), or some exposure to the stock market, commodities, or real estate. "You are probably better off trying to work a little bit longer, recover some of the losses in your retirement plan, and let the market do a little bit of the work," says Robert Baxter, CEO of Dryden Mutual Insurance Company in Dryden, N.Y., and a 1946-born baby boomer who will turn 65 in August 2011. "If you think about retirement at 65, you may end up living 20 or 25 more years and could outlive your income."

Keep your job skills sharp. Baby boomers who haven't saved enough to retire may need to spend several more years in the workforce. Make sure you stay on top of training and computer skills and continue to pursue new projects and opportunities at work. You don't want to get pushed out of the workforce before you are a ready to retire. Also consider offering to mentor younger employees and pass along your skills to upcoming workers within your organization. "We have all of this great experience and knowledge in a lot of different industries and everyone is going to retire and we're not passing it on to anyone," says Andrew Seybold, a 1946-born baby boomer in Santa Barbara, Calif., who runs his own mobile wireless industry consulting business. "I think we owe it to people following us to try to pass some of that information on to them."